Remote Administration Tools

Pupy – A Cross-platform Remote Administration and Post-Exploitation Tool

Pupy is an opensource, cross-platform (Windows, Linux, OSX, Android), multi-function RAT (Remote Administration Tool) and post-exploitation tool mainly written in python. It features an all-in-memory execution guideline and leaves a very low footprint.

It can communicate using various transports, migrate into processes (reflective injection), load remote python code, python packages and python C-extensions from memory.
Pupy modules can transparently access remote python objects using RPyC to perform various interactive tasks.
It can generate payloads in multiple formats like PE executables, reflective DLLs, pure python files, powershell, apk, and etc.When you package a payload, you can choose a launcher (connect, bind, …), a transport (ssl, http, rsa, obfs3, scramblesuit, …) and a number of “scriptlets”. Scriptlets are python scripts meant to be embedded to perform various tasks offline (without requiring a session), like starting a background script, adding persistence, starting a keylogger, detecting a sandbox, and etc.

Features:

  • Multi-platform (tested on windows xp, 7, 8, 10, kali linux, ubuntu, osx, android)
  • On windows, the Pupy payload can be compiled as a reflective DLL and the whole python interpreter is loaded from memory. Pupy does not touch the disk 🙂
  • pupy can also be packed into a single .py file and run without any dependencies other that the python standard library on all OS. pycrypto gets replaced by pure python aes && rsa implementations when unavailable
  • Pupy can reflectively migrate into other processes
  • Pupy can remotely import, from memory, pure python packages (.py, .pyc) and compiled python C extensions (.pyd, .so). The imported python modules do not touch the disk.
  • Pupy is easily extensible, modules are quite simple to write, sorted by os and category.
  • A lot of awesome modules are already implemented!
  • Pupy uses rpyc and a module can directly access python objects on the remote client. We can also access remote objects interactively from the pupy shell and you even get auto-completion of remote attributes!
  • Communication transports are modular, stackable and awesome. You could exfiltrate data using HTTP over HTTP over AES over XOR. Or any combination of the available transports!
  • Pupy can communicate using obfsproxy pluggable transports
  • All the non-interactive modules can be dispatched to multiple hosts in one command
  • Commands and scripts running on remote hosts are interruptible
  • Auto-completion for commands and arguments
  • Custom config can be defined: command aliases, modules automatically run at connection, …
  • Interactive python shells with auto-completion on the all in memory remote python interpreter can be opened
  • Interactive shells (cmd.exe, /bin/bash, …) can be opened remotely. Remote shells on Unix & windows clients have a real tty with all keyboard signals working fine just like an ssh shell
  • Pupy can execute PE exe remotely and from memory (cf. ex with mimikatz)
  • Pupy can generate payloads in various formats: apk, lin_x86, lin_x64, so_x86, so_x64, exe_x86, exe_x64, dll_x86,dll_x64,py, pyinst,py_oneliner, ps1, ps1_oneliner, rubber_ducky
  • Pupy can be deployed in memory, from a single command line using pupygen.py’s python or powershell one-liners.
  • “scriptlets” can be embedded in generated payloads to perform some tasks “offline” without needing network connectivity (ex: start keylogger, add persistence, execute custom python script, check_vm …)
  • tons of other features…

Transports

All transports in pupy are stackable. This means that by creating a custom transport conf (pupy/network/transport/<transport_name>/conf.py), you can make you pupy session looks like anything. For example, you could stack HTTP over HTTP over base64 over HTTP over AES over obfs3:

  • rsa

A layer with authentication & encryption using RSA and AES256, often stacked with other layers

  • aes

layer using a static AES256 key

  • ssl (the default one)

TCP transport wrapped with SSL

  • ssl_rsa

same as ssl but stacked with an rsa layer

  • http

layer making the traffic look like HTTP traffic. HTTP is stacked with a rsa layer

  • obfs3
A protocol to keep the third party from telling what protocol is in use based on message contents. obfs3 is stacked with an rsa layer for a better security
  • scramblesuit

A Polymorphic Network Protocol to Circumvent Censorship. The scramblesuit is stacked with an rsa layer for a better security

  • udp

The rsa layer but over UDP (could be buggy, it doesn’t handle packet loss yet)

  • other

Other layers don’t really have any interest and are given for code examples : (dummy, base64, XOR, …)

Launchers:

  • connect

Just connect back

  • bind

Bind payload instead of reverse

  • auto_proxy
Retrieve a list of possible SOCKS/HTTP proxies and try each one of them. Proxy retrieval methods are: registry, WPAD requests, gnome settings, and HTTP_PROXY env variable.

Modules

All platforms:

  • command execution
  • download
  • upload
  • interactive python shell with auto-completion
  • interactive shell (cmd.exe, powershell.exe, /bin/sh, /bin/bash, …)
    • tty allocation is well supported on both windows and *nix. Just looks like a ssh shell
  • shellcode exec
  • persistence
  • socks5 proxy
  • local and remote port forwarding
  • screenshot
  • keylogger
  • run the awesome credential gathering tool LaZagne from memory !
  • sniff tools, netcreds
  • process migration (windows & linux, not osx yet)
  • a lot of other tools (upnp client, various recon/pivot tools using impacket remotely, …)
Windows specific:
  • migrate
    • inter process architecture injection also works (x86->x64 and x64->x86)
  • in memory execution of PE exe both x86 and x64!
    • works very well with mimitakz 🙂
  • webcam snapshot
  • microphone recorder
  • mouselogger:
    • takes small screenshots around the mouse at each click and send them back to the server
  • token manipulation
  • getsystem
  • creddump
  • tons of useful powershell scripts
Android specific:

  • Text to speech for Android to say stuff out loud
  • webcam snapshots (front cam & back cam)
  • GPS tracker!

About the author

Pentestworld

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